HISTORY OF THE
By Thomas Simcox
FROM THE PROMISE TO THE CAPTIVITY
2126 B.C. God
calls Abraham to the
1913 B.C. God cuts an unconditional covenant with Abraham and tells him the boundaries of the land He has given to him and his seed forever (Gen. 15).
1800 B.C. God confirms the Abrahamic Covenant with Isaac (Gen. 26:1-5).
1760 B.C. God confirms the covenant with Jacob (Gen. 28:13-15).
1728 B.C. Joseph
is sold into slavery in
1706 B.C. Jacob
1446 B.C. The Exodus from
1406 B.C. The Israelite Conquest of Canaan begins.
1375 B.C. Period of the judges.
930-722 B.C. The divided kingdom (called
722 B.C. Assyrian conquers take the northern kingdom into captivity.
FROM THE RETURN TO HEROD THE GREAT
538 B.C. Persian King Cyrus allows the Jewish people to return home (Ezra 1).
537 B.C. Jewish people return to
516 B.C. Second Temple is completed.
458 B.C. More Jewish people return under Ezra.
445 B.C. Artaxerxes I sends Nehemiah to
430 B.C. Malachi becomes the last prophetic voice, after which begin the 400 “silent” years.
333 B.C. Alexander the Great conquers
323 B.C. Alexander the Great dies and his kingdom is divided between his four generals.
167 B.C. Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) defiles the
37 B.C. The
Romans appoint Herod the
Great “king of the Jews” and give him authority over Judea,
FROM HEROD TO MUHAMMAD
20 B.C. Herod
begins remodeling the
6-5 B.C. Jesus
is born in
Procurator Pontius Pilate
A.D. 30 Messiah Jesus dies, arises, and ascends to heaven.
A.D. 66-73 First
Jewish uprising. Romans destroy
A.D. 132-135 Second Jewish uprising.
Emperor Hadrian attempts to
A.D. 200 Many dispersed Jews return.
A.D. 312-313 Emperor Constantine embraces a false form of Christianity.
FROM MUHAMMAD TO THE OTTOMAN TURKS
moves to Medina (
610 Muhammad claims the angel Gabriel showed him a tablet stating he was to become God’s messenger. From then until his death, Muhammad has “visions,” Thus begins the Muslim religion of Islam meaning “submission to Allah.”
Omayyads become the first Muslim presence in
632 Muhammad dies.
639-661 Arab Muslims rule. This 22-year-periodic the only time Arabs ever rule the land. Even then it was part of a greater empire.
1099-1187 Catholic Crusaders under Pope Urban II conquer
1187 Saladin, a Muslim Kurd from
1244-1303 Asian Mongols depose Saladin’s dynasty. Muslim Mameluks and Mongols struggle for power. The Crusader presence ends in 1291.
1513-17 Muslim Ottoman Turks conquer
FROM THE OTTOMAN TURKS TO THE BRITISH & NATIONHOOD
Ottoman Turks rule
1840 Turkish rule fully restored. English leaders begin to discuss the possibility of restoring the Jewish people to their homeland.
1882 Jewish people make aliyah from
1890-91 Large wave of Jewish people arrive from
1894-95 French Capt. Alfred Dreyfus is convicted of espionage on falsified evidence amid rampant anti-Semitism.
1896 Theodore Herzl writes Der Judenstaat, “The Jewish State.”
1897 First Zionist Congress meets in
second year, and still meets today.
1901 Zionist Congress establishes the Jewish National Fund (JNF) to raise funds to purchase land in Eretz Yisrael. The JNF is the largest land owner in
wave of immigration, mainly from
1906 First Hebrew high school is founded in
1908-14 Second Yemenite aliyah.
1909 Tel Aviv, the first all-Jewish city, is founded in
1910 Kibbutz Degania is founded.
1914-18 World War 1.
1917 British General Edmund Allenby conquers
supporting a “Jewish Homeland.”
1920 League of Nations gives
1917-1921 During the Revolution and the Civil Wars in
1939-45 World War 2.
reestablished as a nation on May 14, 1948. President Harry S. Truman on the behalf of the United States
formally recognized the new State of
ERETZ YISRAEL’S MODERN HISTORY
Edited by John Henry