A SHORT HISTORY OF THE BAPTISTS

By Henry C. Vedder, 1907





Table Of Contents

PREFACE

INTRODUCTION

PART I
HISTORY OF BAPTIST PRINCIPLES

CHAPTER 1. THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCHESóHISTORY

The Great Commission. The ingathering at Pentecost Conversion of Saul. The gospel preached to Gentiles. Antioch and the beginning of Christian missions. The empire evangelized.

CHAPTER 2 THE NEW TESTAMENT CHURCHESóCONSTITUTION

Founded on believers' baptism. Baptism of infants unknown. Ordinances and officers. Worship.

CHAPTER 3 CHRISTIANITY AND THE C∆SARS

Christians and the Roman law. Martyrdom of Perpetua and Felicitas. Toleration granted. Attacks of heathen philosophers. The Christian apologists. Defeat in victory.

CHAPTER 4 THE HOLY CATHOLIC CHURCH

Signs of degeneracy. Exaggerated ideas about unity. Sacramental grace. Clinic baptism. Baptism of infants. The catechumenate. Sacerdotalism. Growth of the cpiscopate. Asceticism.

CHAPTER 5 THE STRUGGLE FOR A PURE CHURCH

Montanism. Novatians. Donatists. Arianism. Athanasius and the triumph of orthodoxy.

CHAPTER 6 THE ECLIPSE OF EVANGELICAL CHRISTIANITY

Patrick and the gospel in Ireland. Evangelical Christianity in the East. The Bogomils.

CHAPTER 7 FOREGLEAMS OF THE DAWN

Arnold of Brescia. Savonarola. Wiclif. Hus. The Moravians.

CHAPTER 8 THE WRATH OF THE DRAGON

Origin of persecution. Its theory. Effect of the medieval heresies. The fourth Lateran CounciL The Albigensian crusade. Rise of the Inquisition. Its Methods. The lesson

CHAPTER 9 THE OLD EVANGELICAL PARTY

Protestants before Protestantism. The Petrobrusians. Henry of Lausanne. Waldo and the Waldensians. Waldensian teachings

CHAPTER 10 GREBEL AND THE ANABAPTISTS

Their origin. Zwingli and the beginning of reform in Zurich. Anabaptism introduced. Persecution of the leaders. Zwingli' s responsibility. Anabaptists in Bern. The Schleitheim Confession

CHAPTER 11 ANABAPTISM IN GERMANY

Unhistorical treatment of the party. The Zwickau "prophets." Balthasar Hubmaier. John Denck. Their views of civil government. Persecution by all governments.

CHAPTER 12 THE OUTBREAK OF FANATICISM

Condition of German peasants. Decay of feudalism and the social revolution. Thomas MŁnzer and the peasant uprising. Luther's tracts against the peasants. Hofmann and his teachings. The Munster uproar. Savage persecution of the Anabaptists.

CHAPTER 13 MENNO SIMONS AND HIS FOLLOWERS

Menno' s life and labors. Toleration in the Netherlands, Baptism among the Mennonites. Their controversies and divisions. Mennonites in England. Their martyrs: Joan Boucher, Hendrik Terwoort, Edward Wightman.

PART II
A HISTORY OF BAPTIST CHURCHES

CHAPTER 14 THE EARLY DAYS

John Smyth and his church at Amsterdam. His baptism. Church removes to London. Growth of General Baptists. Spurious claims of antiquity. Origin of Particular Baptists. Introduction of immersion in 1641. Survival of affusion till 1653. Controversy with Separatists. Confession of 1644. William Kiffen. Hanserd Knollys.

CHAPTER 15 THE STRUGGLE FOR LIBERTY

The Long Parliament and civil war. Presbyterian intolerance. Baptists during the Protectorate. Opposed to monarchy. Fifth Monarchy movement. The Restoration. General Thomas Harrison. John James. Act of Uniformity and persecutions. John Bunyan. Baptists under James II. Act of Toleration. Baptist customs of the seventeenth century.

CHAPTER 16 THE SECOND REFORMATION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES

The next fifty years. Confession of s688. Decline of General Baptists. First Associations. Hypercalvinism. John Gill. General declension of religion. John Wesley and his work. Results on Church of England. Dan Taylor. Andrew Fuller. William Carey and the missionary revival.

CHAPTER 17 THE NINETEENTH CENTURY

Growth of churches. New missionary organizations. Bible Translation Society. Robert Hall. Charles Haddan Spurgeon. Open communion in England. Education. Six-principle Baptists. Seventh-day Baptists.

CHAPTER 18 BAPTISTS IN THE GREATER BRITAIN

Baptists in Wales : John Myles, Vavasor Powell. Recent history. Baptists in Scotland: Archibald McLean, the Haldanes. Baptists in Ireland: Alexander Carson. Baptists in Canada. Baptists in Australasia.

CHAPTER 19 BAPTISTS IN THE COLONIES

Three periods of American Baptist history. Roger Williams and the first Baptist church. John Clarke and the Newport church. Henry Dunster. Whipping of Obadjah Holmes. First church in Boston. William Screven and the Charlestown church. Beginnings in the Middle States. The Philadelphia Association. Baptist churches in the South

CHAPTER 20 THE PERIOD OF EXPANSION

Worldliness invades. The Great Awakening. Hezekiah Smith. The Revolution. Morgan Edwards. Progress of the churches. Religious liberty attained. The Westward movement The pioneer preacher. John M. Peck and the Home Mission Society. The Judsons and their work. Luther Rice and the Triennial

CHAPTER 21 THE DAYS OF CONTROVERSY

Unitarianism in New England. The American Bible Society and the controversy about versions. Formation of the American Bible Union. A long controversy. The Saratoga Convention. The anti-Masonic excitement Alexander Campbell and the Disciples. The anti-slavery controversy and the division of Baptists.

CHAPTER 22 EVANGELISM AND EDUCATION

Periods of revivals. State and local work Development of educational institutions. James Manning and Brown University. Newton Theological Institution. The institutions at Hamilton. Other colleges and seminaries. The American Baptist Publication Society.

CHAPTER 23 THE LAST FIFTY YEARS

Baptist churches in 1850. Numerical growth of fifty years. Progress in education. Growth of foreign missions. Increase of home missions. Work of the Publication Society. Comparative denominational wealth. Counter currents.

CHAPTER 24 BAPTISTS IN THE UNITED STATES-IRREGULAR BAPTIST BODIES

Six-principle Baptists. Original Freewill Baptists. Free Baptists. Separate Baptists. United Baptists. General Baptists. Primitive Baptists. Two-seed-in-the-Spirit Baptists. Baptist Church of Christ. Seventh-day Baptists. Winebrennerians. River Brethren. Adventists. Christadelphians. Christian Connection. Social Brethren.

CHAPTER 25 BAPTISTS IN OTHER COUNTRIES

France. Germany. Sweden. Norway. Denmark. Russia. Greece. Spain. Italy.

CHAPTER 26 PROGRESS OF BAPTIST PRINCIPLES

The nature of the church. The baptismal controversy ended. The communion question. Separation of Church and State. Theological changes. The guarantee of the future.